4:9-12 - This sermon encourages believers to develop intentional relationships within the Body of Christ. 4. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. In order to avoid envy we may not throw ourselves into the arms of inactivity. BibliographyClarke, Adam. "First, the competitive urge….We may quibble if we will, and remind him (Solomon) of such people as solitary castaways or needy peasants, who toil simply to keep alive, or those artists who really love perfection for its own sake; but the fact remains that all too much of our hard work and high endeavor is mixed with the craving to outshine or not to be outshone. Solomon is speaking here, as if that life was not breathed into him, and he was a baby who never lived. It does not seem to matter what we do. Ecclésiaste 1:4 - Une génération s'en va, une autre vient, et la terre subsiste toujours. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ecclesiastes-4.html. Industries, or Hebrew, "righteous actions." The illustration hereby induced of the value of closer social connection of men and harmonious co-operation of their powers to one end, V. The sentence against the vanity of all earthly things necessarily extends even to the greatest and most powerful of earth. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ecclesiastes-4.html. To lay or fold the hands together is a gesture of laziness. Go to. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cpc/ecclesiastes-4.html. and if he does a right thing, and yet has not right ends and views in it, it stands for nothing; it has only the appearance of good, but is not truly so, and yields no solid peace and comfort. Looking with jealous envy on the successful rivals of their struggles, and with scorn on those less fortunate, who are contented with a more modest lot (4–6).—Then follow reflections regarding the happiness of such persons as have risen through the abundance of their goods to a distinguished and influential position in human society, but. 1832. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. Ver. There is an oppression that comes on good men from the worldly men. There is also, an oppression that Satan tries to harass us all with. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Even in friendly rivalry this may play a larger part than we think----for we can bear to be outclassed for some of the time and by some people, but not too regularly or too profoundly" (Kidner p. 45). Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. BibliographyBarnes, Albert. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. The root meaning of the word is “thus pointing to what is hidden in the distant future or in the distant past.” Therefore, in some passages the word refers to something in the distant past or future. Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and “envy,” so far is it from constituting the chief good. 4. Some apply themselves, with great diligence and industry, to the study of the liberal arts and sciences; and to attain the knowledge of languages; and to writing books, for the improvement of those things, and the good of mankind: and others employ themselves in mechanic arts, and excel in them, and bring their works to great perfection and accuracy; when they might expect to be praised and commended, and have thanks given them by men. follows the object. ", "For this a man is envied of his neighbor" (Ecclesiastes 4:4). 1765. Ecclesiastes 4:4 Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. We gravely need to remember that the stream cannot rise above its source, nor the fruit be better than the root from which it grows; that the business ardour which has its origin in a base and selfish motive can only be a base and selfish ardour. 1983-1999. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1865-1868. 3 A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;. and ruin themselves. So, that’s all so exciting. 1999-2014. travail = toil, as connected with trouble, sorrow. Ernst Hengstenberg on John, Revelation, Ecclesiastes, Ezekiel & Psalms. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. "E.W. "Some understand the meaning of this verse as a description of work which is the effect of rivalry with a neighbor. This also is a vanity and a striving after wind. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/teb/ecclesiastes-4.html. Not the same word as in Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 2:23, Ecclesiastes 2:26; Ecclesiastes 3:10; Ecclesiastes 4:8; Ecclesiastes 5:14. every right work = all the dexterity in work. 2 Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive. BibliographyExell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Ecclesiastes 4:4". 10 Car, s'ils tombent, l'un relève son compagnon; mais malheur à celui qui est seul et qui tombe, sans avoir un second pour le relever! "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ecclesiastes 4:4. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". " In this understanding of it, the fool's eating his own flesh would mean the same as the common saying that, "He was eating his heart out with envy.". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/ecclesiastes-4.html. But the remark here is of activity and skill now at work, so that jealousy is the true word. Sowing Discord Contributed by James Dina on Aug 7, 2020 | 698 views. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". Read verse in Ostervald (French) Two are always better than one (BDB 25) and three better than two (cf. If one be poor, he is in distress; if rich, he is exposed to envy; so that all is vanity. Then I saw all the labor and achievement that is the envy of a man's neighbor. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". This is also vanity and vexation of spirit. Here again we find thoughts that are identifiable with Solomon, as in Proverbs 15:16-17; 17:1 and in Proverbs 16:8: ANOTHER WORD ON THE WORTHLESSNESS OF LABOR. See note on Ecclesiastes 1:14. Other people are too lazy. 5 Fools fold their hands. The title “Ecclesiastes” comes from a Greek word indicating a person who calls an assembly, so it makes sense that the author identified himself in Ecclesiastes 1:1 by Prosperity, which men so much covet, is the very source of provoking oppression (Ecclesiastes 4:1) and "envy," so far is it from constituting the chief good. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ecclesiastes-4.html. Companionship and … All this expenditure of strength and art has covetousness and envy, with which one seeks to surpass another, as its poisoned sting. New York. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". So the tenth commandment. Deux valent mieux qu'un ; car ils ont un meilleur salaire de leur travail. - Again, I considered all travail, and every right work. BibliographyGill, John. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". Every right work ... for this a man is envied - rather (as note, Ecclesiastes 2:21, "equity," prosperity), prosperous. Ecclesiastes 4:14 leads us through that poor and wise child coming out of prison to become king after that old and foolish king. 4:6 This verse is possibly another proverb (e.g., Prov. The verb also is frequently used to denote envy or jealousy of advantages. New International Version Update. The matter of complaint is that the skill developed in labour has no higher prerogative. 4. Derived from כשר, "rectus fuit," it is used partly of "skill, ability in action," and partly of the "fortunate results "thereof. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. Based Ecc. (Calmet). Ecclésiaste 4.9. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ecclesiastes-4.html. Hengstenberg translates skill. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/heg/ecclesiastes-4.html. Parallel with this is the passage (Ecclesiastes 3) where Job, who had no peace nor repose, and who was disturbed ever afresh, wishes for himself the lot of "an hidden untimely birth," and curses the day of his birth, or where in The Ecclesiastes 4: 1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. I believe that many of us have experienced the above. Il vaut mieux ne pas faire de vœu qu’en faire et ne pas s’en acquitter. "Expositor's Bible Commentary". BibliographyBenson, Joseph. The garment of righteousness, parti-coloured with all variety of graces, is a great eyesore to the wicked, and makes the saints maligned. All rights reserved worldwide. 1874-1909. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". Ecclésiaste 4:4 J'ai vu aussi que tout travail et toute habileté dans le travail n'est que jalousie de l'un à l'égard de l'autre. "These two paragraphs on labor view it from different perspectives; first, from the perspective of envy, and secondly, from the perspective of solitariness. But instead thereof, so it is. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "For this a man is envied of his neighbor", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Again I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament, I. The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". Ecclesiastes 1:4 (NAS95S) The Hebrew word that is translated as “forever” is HOLAM. Waddey's comment on this paragraph: "In a godless world, sinners envy and resent another's success, rather than rejoicing in it; and in contrast he mentions the lazy fool who, rather than work, `foldeth his hands together' in rest, and `eateth his own flesh,' he consumes his inheritance. "The envious man is here exhibited in the attitude of the sluggard (Proverbs 6:10). "Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:4". 11 De même, si deux couchent ensemble, ils auront chaud; mais celui qui est seul, comment aura-t-il chaud? This too is vanity and striving after wind. It is hard that a man's zeal should be interpreted by his neighbour to be an envious desire to surpass, to outstrip him. BibliographyWesley, John. 6 Better one handful with tranquillity. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. It aggravates the baseness of the envy, that it is on the part of one's own neighbour. That for this a man is envied of his neighbour.] Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is a man all alone, without even a son or brother. Assuming, as Koheleth does in this discussion, from Ecclesiastes 3:22, that there is no future life, he is prepared to suggest that jealousy of one another is the main cause of men’s efforts in life. Now self is not the only issue. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ecclesiastes-4.html. He had never come to the Light. Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 3. 4:9-12 This paragraph speaks of the advantage of companionship. 5 The a fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. Eccl. 2:24-26; 3:12,13,22; 5:18; 9:7-9. IV. From the sad lot of victims innocently suffering from tyrannical persecution and oppression (1–3), the description proceeds directly to the more lucky but not more innocent condition of persons consumed with envy, dissatisfaction, and jealousy, and who with toilsome efforts chase after the treasures of this earth. 15:16,17; 16:8) or quote. 1905-1909. wisdom and knowledge and Kishron. Ecclesiastes 3. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. that for this a man is envied of his neighbour; who will be sure to find fault with what he has done, speak contemptibly of him and his work, and traduce him among men. 1999. This too is meaningless, a chasing after the wind. That would be an incorrect thought: whereas it is a demonstrated truth that "men envy the happy." Ecclesiaste 4:4 E ho visto che ogni fatica e ogni buona riuscita nel lavoro provocano invidia dell’uno contro l’altro. 1871-8. Following the example of the Decalogue מרעהו draws attention to the baseness of the fact that the friend, of God and right, grudges him the successful results of his skilful labour. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ecclesiastes-4.html. Ver. Scripture: Ecclesiastes 4:9-12. Even success by skill brings no solid satisfaction. 4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; This also is vanity and a striving after wind. The only effect of that would be to ruin ourselves. In the latter signification, namely, "advantage, gain," it occurs in Ecclesiastes 5:10; in the former we find it used in Ecclesiastes 2:21, in conjunction with wisdom and knowledge: "a man whose work is in. For this a man is envied - It is not by injustice and wrong only that men suffer, but through envy also. Treasury of Scripture. 4 ¶ Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is a envied of his neighbour. Again I looked and saw all the oppression that was taking place under the sun: I saw the tears of the … 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. For he comes out of prison to be king, Although he was born poor in his kingdom. Cela aussi est une vanité et un tourment d'esprit. Read verse in Riveduta 1927 (Italian) Again I considered all travail — Hebrew כל עמל, all the labour, toil, or trouble, which men undertake or undergo; and every right work — All the worthy designs of virtuous men; that for this a man is envied of his neighbour — Instead of that honour and recompense which he deserves, he meets with nothing but envy, and obloquy, and many evil fruits thereof.